Goa is a port state on the southwestern coast of India.

History[edit | edit source]

In the 16th century, Goa was annexed by Portugal Empire and this rule continued for four and a half centuries or 450 years until it's annexation in 1961. Goa along with Daman and Diu was a central government-controlled, union territory until 30th May 1987 when it was granted statehood making it the 25th state on the republic of India.

Political Geography[edit | edit source]

Boundaries[edit | edit source]

It is surrounded by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast. It is India's smallest state by area and the fourth-smallest by population.

State Division[edit | edit source]

Goa is divided into two districts: North Goa and South Goa.

North Goa is further divided into 3 subdivisions – Panaji, Mapusa, and Bicholim; and 5 talukas (subdistricts) – Tiswadi (Panaji), Bardez (Mapusa), Pernem, Bicholim, and Sattari (Valpoi). Panaji being its headquarters and also the state capital.

South Goa is further divided into 5 subdivisions – Ponda, Mormugao-Vasco, Margao, Quepem, and Dharbandora; and 7 talukas – Ponda, Mormugao, Salcete (Margao), Quepem, Canacona (Chaudi), Sanguem, and Dharbandora. Margao being its headquarters.

Flora and Fauna[edit | edit source]

Culture[edit | edit source]

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Panaji is the only Municipal corporation.
  • There are 13 Municipal Councils: Margao, Mormugao (including Vasco), Pernem, Mapusa, Bicholim, Sanquelim, Valpoi, Ponda, Cuncolim, Quepem, Curchorem, Sanguem, and Canacona.
  • Goa has a total number of 334 villages.
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